Sports Rehab Guide

Sports Rehab Guide: Therapy and Injury Prevention

Blog

Medically reviewed by Misty Seidenburg

Engaging in sports is not just about physical fitness; it’s a journey of self-improvement and mental well-being. However, sports can sometimes lead to injuries, which can be a frustrating and painful setback.  While we can’t prevent every accident, we can take certain precautions to minimize the risk of sports injuries.

Sports physical therapy is not just a post-injury solution; it’s a proactive measure to prevent injuries. It’s a tool that benefits everyone, from elite competitive athletes to weekend warriors, by preparing their bodies for the physical demands of their activities. Moreover, it aids in the safe and effective recovery from injuries, ensuring athletes can return to their game once treatment is complete.

What Is Sports Therapy?

Physical therapists can complete additional education and training to become board-certified in sports physical therapy or complete other certifications in the field of sports. Sports therapy, or sports rehab, is a specialized area of physical therapy focusing on the continuum of care for athletes, from prevention and performance to treating acute, chronic, and repetitive musculoskeletal injuries commonly affecting athletes.

It involves a comprehensive approach to helping athletes feel, move, and perform at their best through prevention, treatment, rehabilitation, and education. A sports therapy program benefits individuals of all ages and abilities who play individual, team, and competitive sports, from school-age kids to college and professional athletes.

Traumatic Sports Injuries

Sports injuries generally fall into two categories: traumatic injuries and overuse injuries. A traumatic injury occurs when there is a forceful impact on the body. It happens when two athletes collide or when an athlete collides with an object or the ground.

Specific movements can also cause trauma to the body. If the body twists, pivots, cuts, lands, or over-strides quickly, unnaturally, or forcefully, these motions can damage muscle, ligament, or tendon. Common traumatic sports injuries include sprains, strains, fractures, joint dislocations, groin pulls, and head, back, and knee injuries.

Overuse Sports Injuries

During physical activity, the body’s muscles and tendons experience micro-tears that heal and strengthen with rest. But athletes who overtrain without rest don’t allow their bodies to recover. Overuse injuries develop when tissue in a specific body part becomes damaged due to repetitive demand over a prolonged period.

Around 42% of individual sports injuries and 33% of team sports injuries happen from overuse.

Common overuse sports injuries include tendinopathy, tennis elbow, golfer’s elbow, stress fractures, and shoulder impingement.

What Are the Benefits of Sports Physical Therapy?

Every athlete can benefit from sports rehab, whether they are determined to land a spot on the college roster—or step up their pickleball game.

These are just some of the ways sports rehab builds better athletes:

  • It treats existing sports injuries.
  • It provides immediate and long-term pain relief.
  • It refines technique for enhanced performance.
  • It builds muscle strength and endurance.
  • It helps improve balance and coordination.
  • It reduces the risk of future sports injuries.

Believe it or not, sports rehab can also be a relaxing experience! Hands-on manual therapy and other modalities relieve sore muscles and help athletes slow down and destress.

Injury Rehabilitation

Let’s look at how sports physical therapists help athletes recover from injuries and prevent recurrence.

Goals

Sports rehab aims to help athletes restore strength, function, and mobility after an injury. Physical therapists address pain and impairments related to the injury and focus on promoting healing to help the athletes return to their pre-injury active and performance levels.

Assessment

After a sports injury, physical therapists evaluate any impairments the athlete is experiencing. These can include reduced joint stability, muscle weakness, and limited range of motion.

Treatment

Treatment involves targeted therapies and interventions to improve in these areas. Therapeutic exercise and stretching, manual therapies for tissue recovery, and pain management strategies are often a part of sports therapy.

Timing

Sports rehab is part of every step in the healing process. It starts in the early phases after a sports injury when pain and swelling reduction are priorities. From there, physical therapists work to build strength and improve motion while gradually increasing activity as the athlete progresses.

A Sports Rehab Guide: Treatments and Services

Sports rehab for injury prevention and rehabilitation includes a wide range of services for all types of athletes, including:

  • Concussion care
  • Functional movement screenings
  • Pre- and post-surgery rehabilitation
  • Sports performance programs
  • Return-to-play assessments

To help athletes perform better and prevent and rebound from injuries, physical therapists combine various techniques and therapies:

  • Therapeutic exercise including active range of motion and advanced resistance movements to build strength and endurance
  • Stretching exercises including dynamic stretches and static stretches to warm the body up and recover after intense physical activity
  • Strength and endurance training that replicates the athlete’s experience in the court, field, and rink
  • Manual therapies to facilitate function, reduce inflammation and pain, and break down scar tissue
  • Heat, ice, taping, and electric stimulation to relieve pain, inflammation, and swelling and promote tissue recovery
  • Functional retraining specific to the athlete’s sport, whether that involves jumping, throwing, cutting, or catching

Every sports rehab treatment plan is individualized based on the athlete’s sport, the part of the body affected, and their performance goals. These plans are reviewed and updated as the athlete improves or their needs change.

Injury Prevention

Next, we’ll explore how sports physical therapy helps reduce the risk of sports injuries.

Goals

Injury prevention with sports rehab identifies and addresses imbalances and risk factors that increase the risk of injuries. The goal is to enhance the athlete’s physical condition and optimize movement patterns to lower the risk of getting hurt.

Assessment

An injury prevention program begins with an initial evaluation to assess the athlete’s physical condition, strength, flexibility, biomechanics, and movement patterns. During this comprehensive assessment, the sports therapist identifies possible imbalances or weaknesses that may predispose the athlete to injury.

Treatment

Sports injury prevention involves warm-up exercises, dynamic stretches, static stretches, and education on practical ways to reduce the risk of injury. Therapists educate athletes on using proper technique, taking time to rest, allowing injuries to fully heal, and wearing well-fitting safety equipment for the sport they play.

Timing

Sports therapy for injury prevention is part of a proactive training program that occurs all year round: in pre-season, during the season, and in the off-season.   Find a physical therapy clinic near you or request an appointment online to learn how you can benefit from a sports rehab program to reduce or recover from injuries.

 

 

 

External Sources:  

  1. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8536850/
  2. Become a Board-Certified Sports Specialist in Physical Therapy | APTA Specialist Certification – Governed by ABPTS
Share this article
Medically reviewed by

Misty Seidenburg

Vice President of Clinical Programs

Dr. Misty Seidenburg has been a practicing physical therapist since 2006 after obtaining her Doctor of Physical Therapy Degree from Gannon University. Dr. Seidenburg completed an Orthopedic Residency in 2009 and subsequent Spine Fellowship in 2010 where she discovered a passion for educating clinicians. Since 2019, she has developed and refined several post-professional residency and fellowship programs and currently serves as the Vice President of Clinical Programs for Upstream Rehab Institute. She serves on several APTA committees to help advance the profession, is adjunct faculty at Messiah University, and is also a senior instructor and course developer for the Institute of Advanced Musculoskeletal Treatments with a special interest in exercise integration. Outside of work, she enjoys challenging herself with new adventures and is currently competing as an endurance athlete.

Schedule an Appointment

You might also like

Inner Elbow Pain and UCL Sprains
Blog

Inner Elbow Pain and UCL Sprains

Pain on the inner side of the elbow is often a sign of an ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) injury. While UCL injuries are commonly associated with...

outer elbow pain
Blog

Outer Elbow Pain & Elbow Strains

Pain in and around the elbow has several potential causes, and the location of your pain provides important clues about your condition and how to...

cervical radiculopathy
Blog

Cervical Radiculopathy Exercises and Physical Therapy

An irritated or pinched nerve in the neck can cause considerable neck and arm pain, among other problems. Yet this common condition can often be...

Find a
location
Request
Appointment